Disposal/Hazardous waste

In accordance with applicable laws and regulations (Commission Regulation (EU) 1357/2014 on waste, national regulations), hazardous waste is classified according to the hazardousness characteristics:

  • explosives
  • strong oxidants
  • flammable
  • eye and skin irritants
  • toxic
  • carcinogenic
  • corrosive
  • infectious
  • reprotoxic
  • mutagens
  • giving off toxic gases 
  • sensitizing
  • ecotoxic

How to manage hazardous waste?

Hazardous waste storage

Hazardous waste must be safely stored and storage time should be minimised, if possible. There should be a designated place and waste should be packaged appropriately and considering the specific hazards it poses. Similar principles apply as to the packaging of hazardous substances and mixtures.
Hazardous waste (packaging) must also be properly labelled, including the waste code that encodes the origin of the waste and its chemical composition. The label should also include the date of packaging and the packer as well as warning signs in accordance with the laws and regulations on chemicals and chemical products, classification, labelling and packaging.

How to dispose of hazardous waste?

Hazardous waste must be disposed by specialized waste treatment companies who have a permit to conduct such activities. Specific documentation requirements have to be fulfilled as well. Further guidance and information should be sought at the national authorities.